Are you suffering from Eye Floaters ? Don’t worry – it is not a big problem .We have here complete information regarding floaters in the eye – Symptoms,causes & treatment methods etc.
You can get rid of eye floaters without surgery with the help of Improvised home remedies for eye floaters.You need to follow simple natural treatment methods to cure eye floaters naturally at home.
Eye Floaters Treatment & Cure
Most of us would have at some point seen ‘stars’ in our eyes, especially after banging the head against a hard object unexpectedly. Seeing sparkly white dots of light dancing across one’s field of vision, which lasts for just a couple of seconds as an extreme limit, is not something uncommon. But if this is a sensation felt every day, then chances are that they may be related to eye floaters.
It is important to have a brief knowledge about the eye structure and their functions, to have a better understanding about what eye floaters are.
The outermost layers of the eye are called the sclera and cornea, that gives the greatest part of the eyeball its white color, and which helps in focusing on incoming lights. Just behind the cornea lies this ring-shaped structure known as iris, which has a circular opening called the pupil. The pupil has the ability to contract or expand depending on the amount of light entering the eye. The narrow space between the cornea and iris is occupied by a fluid called the aqueous humor. Lying behind the pupil is the lens of the eye that is held in place by the ciliary muscles. Behind the lens is the interior chamber of the eye that is filled by a viscous fluid known as the vitreous humor, and beyond this is situated the retina. It is this structure that receives the images formed by the lens. Hence, when light enters the eye, it passes through the lens, the vitreous humor, before coming in contact with the retina.
What are Eye Floaters?
As stated, the vitreous gel makes post part of the insides of the back of eye. It is about 99% of water and the remaining material is made of collagen and hyaluronic acid, which are natural parts of the human body necessary for healthy cellular interactions. The gelatinous nature of this vitreous fluid gradually deteriorates as the body ages, with the vitreous material getting slowly dissolved. However, some of the material may not get fully dissolved; instead, they float freely in the more liquid center of the vitreous fluid. The undissolved material may be of any size or shape. Some individuals will see these as clumpy objects, while for some others they will appear elongated and stringy. They become more distinct when looking searchingly at bright objects, or trying to look through bright flashes of lights.
This is because they cast a shadow on the retina as the light enters the eyes. This is what is seen as eye floaters by the individual. As the eye moves around, the fluid will move with quick little jerks, causing the floaters to move as well. So, even when one tries to focus to get a better perception of these ‘floaters’, they will remain unsuccessful, for these tiny specks or spots will never remain still.
Seeing these ‘floaters’ is not considered to cause harm to ones eye or decrease vision, but it definitely can be a very annoying sensation. They can interfere with activities that require one to focus on certain objects, like reading through written materials, working on the computer, driving, or even watching television.
– Tiny specks of floating material make a sudden appearance in one’s field of vision. These may be transparent or murky.
– The floating substances move along with eye movement, making it impossible to focus on them.
– The presence of these floaters become more pronounced when looking at radiating or reflective lights, bright backgrounds (like the clear blue sky), or viewing an operational computer screen.
– The specks or other floating shapes will move out of one’s line of vision eventually.
Eye Floaters Causes
The most common causes for eye floaters are –
– Retinal tear which can occur from an eye trauma or injury, or from the drooping vitreous humor that pulls on the retina, enough to cause small tears in it.
– Retinal detachment – When retinal tear occurs, the vitreous fluid can leak outside and accumulate behind the retina, causing it to separate from the outer layers of the eye.
– Posterior vitreous detachment – This is something that can happen to almost all of us as we age. The gel like consistency of the vitreous fluid will eventually liquefy and begin to sag. Because of the sagging, it will pull away from the retina and get detached.
All conditions stated above are age-related problems which normally do not bring about pain symptoms. Retinal detachment can decrease vision, though. The other causes for eye floaters are –
– Inflammatory conditions affecting the eye, especially the posterior of the eye.
– Bleeding of blood vessels surrounding the eyes, causing blood trickles to flow into the vitreous fluid.
Diagnosing Eye Floaters
Once an is approached to diagnose the problem, the exterior regions of the eye will first be visually examined. Of course, from the sufferer’s description it will become obvious to the physician that they are indeed experiencing ‘eye floaters’, but the cause for it to happen is what they will be examined for.
Eye drops will then be instilled to dilate the pupils. The drops will need approximately 30 minutes to widen the pupils. This is necessary for the physician to obtain better visibility of the insides of the eyes, especially the posterior regions of the eye. The interior eye examination is done using a slit-lamp microscope, which involves aiming bright flashes of light to look for any holes or tears occurring in the retina, as well as to detect any infections happening at the back of the eye.
Treatment for Eye Floaters
If the eye floaters are a result of retinal tear or detachment, then these will need to be rectified to eliminate the floaters.
– For a retinal tear that is small, a tiny gas bubble is injected into the vitreous fluid, where it will rise and become attached to the retina, flattening the retina and fixing the tear. This may then be followed either by a laser procedure or cryopexy to seal the tear.
When laser is used, first the pupils are dilated. Following this, drops are instilled to numb the anterior and posterior regions of the eye. Several flashes of laser beams are then aimed around the retinal tear to make tiny burns on them, which will later form scars and seal the tear. Approximately 250 burns will be made, but this again will depend on the size of the tear. The entire procedure may last anywhere between 15 min to half an hour.
During cryopexy, a probe is used to freeze the retina around the tear, which will go on to scar and fasten the retina to the eye wall.
– Scleral buckling for retinal detachment is normally performed, which closes the tear and flattens the retina. Here, a silicone, pliable plastic, or rubber material is used, which is placed on the sclera (the white outer coating of the eyeball) and sewn in place, (this is left in permanently). The sewn in material will push the sclera towards the middle of the eye, which will in turn relieve the force exerted in drawing the retina, causing the torn retina to fall back against the wall of the eye.
To prevent the tear from opening up again, usually a cryopexy or laser photocoagulation is done to scar the retina surrounding the tear, which will later cover the laceration.
– If the floaters are a result of degenerating vitreous fluid, then a vitrectomy will need to be performed. A small cut is made on the eye surface. Instruments are then inserted to cut the vitreous gel and suction it out. A saline solution, silicone oil or a gas may then be filled into the chamber to replace the vitreous humor, so as to restore normal shape and pressure in the eye. The entire procedure will last anywhere between two to three hours.
With any surgical procedures, there are certain risks that can arise after undergoing any of the above-mentioned procedures. Also, these methods may not be able to prevent the rise of new eye floaters.
Coping with Eye Floaters
Treatment strategies usually are not required for eye floaters, unless it is severe enough to obscure one’s vision totally. Yet, they can be frustrating. In an attempt to overcome the difficulties caused by them, one could do the following –
– Perform certain eye exercises to move the floaters out of one’s line of vision. Roll the eyeballs in a circular motion slowly, clockwise and anti-clockwise, five times in each direction. Rest the eyes and then look up and down several times before resting the eyes again.
– Whenever floaters are sensed, blink eyes several times and move the eyeballs with quick little jerks in all directions to get the floaters out of the field of vision.
– While working on a computer, enlarge the material that is viewed or studied to see things clearly.
– Wear sun shades while out on a bright sunny day to decrease the brightness of the sunlight, so that the floaters become less obvious.
Generally people learn to live with eye floaters, either by learning to ignore them, or adopting certain methods to ensure that they do not diminish their quality of life. It is best not to ignore them, though, when their numbers increase suddenly or they become more prominent, enough to obscure vision. Seek medical help promptly if such is the case.
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